VARIUS TYPES OF QUARRIES
At the first years of the Byzantine Empire there were two types of exploitation
of the quarries.
2. The age of the Greeks and the Romans
From the archaic times until the end of the roman times we ascertain that there are two types of natural quarries. The difference is at the organization, the time that the quarry remains open, that is, if the quarry is open temporarily for one building or if it's working for a long period for other reasons too.
á) The temporary quarries
The temporary quarries open when they have to do a scheduled work. It could be a building, a statue or something else, and when the work is finished the quarry is abandoned. It's possible that they opened the quarry at Mourgena (Thassos) for two "kourous", from which one is at the museum of Thassos and the other at the museum in Constantinople. Another example is at Naxo, where three "kouroi" where made. We can see the traces of exploitation for the two of them, while the third one, that presents Apollona is still in its place. The quarry of Akeratou at Thasso was used only for the building of the light-house at the spot "Pyrgos". The quarry of the Fanari at Thasso opened at the beginning only for the building of a second light-house but it continued to exist as a quarry.
The Quarries of The Hellenistic Years
Amathounta (Cyprus), at the most places around the city and the port
there are quarries. From there they took the stones for the construction
of the first port. At the hill of Pnyka, in Athens, when it was built,
the already pulled marbles were used in other places too. At the valley
of the Nymphs, in, the situation is similar with the one at Pnyka. In
Korinth there is a small quarry next to the big temple. At Argos, the
theater is carved at the natural rock. At the same time it is also used
as a quarry, because all the marbles that they take they use them for
the building of the theater. The same happened at Paphos (Cyprus).
This type of quarries has two sides. We can have a big system of many small quarries, like Karysto (Evia) and Alyki (Thassos) or a unique big quarry, that it's separated in a lot smaller parts according to the different phases of the works, like for example in Chio.